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This version (12 May 2022 13:22) was approved by Alexandru Tachici.The Previously approved version (30 Aug 2021 11:00) is available.Diff

ADIN1110 10BASE-T1L MAC-PHY Linux Driver

Supported Devices

Supported Boards

Description

The ADIN1110 is a low power single port 10BASE-T1L MACPHY designed for industrial Ethernet applications. It integrates an Ethernet PHY core with a MAC and all the associated analog circuitry, input and output clock buffering.

Programmable transmit levels, external termination resistors and independent Rx/Tx pins make the ADIN1110 suited to intrinsic safety applications. The ADIN1110 has an integrated voltage supply monitoring and power on reset circuitry to improve system level robustness.

The device has a 4-wire SPI interface for communication between the MAC and host processor.

Source Code

Status

Source Mainlined?
adin1110.c Yes

Files

Enabling Linux driver support

Configure kernel with “make menuconfig” (alternatively use “make xconfig” or “make qconfig”)

  1. Hit the search button (typically the slash “/” key)
  2. Type ADIN1110, then hit Enter; if nothing shows up, the driver is not available in your kernel tree, please use the ADI linux tree
  3. Press 1 (the key), then hit Enter
  4. You should see the location + dependencies for enabling the driver
Linux Kernel Configuration
Symbol: ADIN1110 [=y]
Type  : tristate                                                                                                                                                                      
Prompt: Analog Devices ADIN1110 MAC-PHY
   Location:
     -> Device Drivers
       -> Network device support (NETDEVICES [=y])
         -> Ethernet driver support (ETHERNET [=y])
   (1)     -> Analog Devices devices (NET_VENDOR_ADI [=y])
   Defined at drivers/net/ethernet/adi/Kconfig:20
   Depends on: NETDEVICES [=y] && ETHERNET [=y] && NET_VENDOR_ADI [=y] && SPI [=y]
   Selects: CRC8 [=y]

Driver testing

This requires that another 10BASE-T1L PHY be connected to the other end of the network cable, or that a media converter be used to convert to normal twisted-pair ethernet that standard ethernet cables use.

ADIN1110 communicates with the host via SPI. For 10 Mbps bandwidth, SPI frequency needs to be around 23 MHz. Lower SPI frequencies are supported but will result in a lower bandwidth. At 1 MHz the MAC will provide aprox. 0.4 Mbps of bandwidth.

Connect to host the SCLK, CS_N, SDI, SDO and INT_N. (The INT_N is mandatory, see DT bindings). RX frames and sent TX frames are signaled to the host by INT_N IRQ pin.

Device Tree

ADIN1110 probes via devicetree.

ethernet@0 {
	compatible = "adi,adin1110";
	
        /* SPI CS number */
        reg = <0>;

        /* will need 23 MHz for 10 Mbps, lower speeds will result in lower bandwidth */
	spi-max-frequency = <1000000>;

        /* optional, will check all control read/writes over SPI */
	adi,spi-crc;

	#address-cells = <1>;
	#size-cells = <0>;

        /* an IRQ is required, INT_N pin is configured to signal RX/TX frames */
	interrupt-parent = <&gpio>;
	interrupts = <25 2>;

        /* This is the host MAC address, by default ADIN1110 will also accept broadcast frames */
	mac-address = [ CA 2F B7 10 23 63 ];

	phy@0 {
		compatible = "ethernet-phy-id0283.bc91";
		reg = <0x0>;
	};
};

ifconfig

This tool will display the general status of the available network interfaces. If they’ve obtained an IP address, RX packets/errors/dropped/etc, TX packets/errors/dropped/etc, MAC address, etc.

Typically, if both TX & RX values are incremented, it means that it is working. Also note that there are error counters; if only the TX/RX counters increment, something may be wrong with the network connection. Check error/dropped counters too.

root@analog:~# ifconfig eth1
eth1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.160.160  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.160.255
        inet6 fe80::c82f:b7ff:fe10:2363  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether ca:2f:b7:10:23:63  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 132  bytes 8548 (8.3 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 79  bytes 9943 (9.7 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
        device interrupt 55

ethtool

This tool queries the MAC & PHY via the MAC driver. The MAC driver also allows access to the PHY registers. ethtool can be used to show & override link settings and other parameters for the MAC & PHY.

Links for the tool:

Some features of ethtool described here are available in newer versions of ethtool. If some of them don't work, consider upgrading or getting a newer version

Example: Seeing MAC & PHY info

Settings for eth1:
	Supported ports: [ TP MII ]
	Supported link modes:   10baseT/Full 
	Supported pause frame use: Symmetric Receive-only
	Supports auto-negotiation: Yes
	Supported FEC modes: Not reported
	Advertised link modes:  10baseT/Full 
	Advertised pause frame use: No
	Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes
	Advertised FEC modes: Not reported
	Link partner advertised link modes:  10baseT/Full 
	Link partner advertised pause frame use: No
	Link partner advertised auto-negotiation: Yes
	Link partner advertised FEC modes: Not reported
	Speed: 10Mb/s
	Duplex: Full
	Port: MII
	PHYAD: 0
	Transceiver: internal
	Auto-negotiation: on
	Link detected: yes

Since the PHY can only do 10 Mbps full-duplex, the only operation possible here is to disable auto-negotiation and set preferred/forced master/slave

ethtool -s eth1 speed 10 duplex full master-slave forced-master
ethtool -s eth1 speed 10 duplex full master-slave forced-slave
ethtool -s eth1 autoneg on
ethtool -s eth1 autoneg on master-slave preferred-master
ethtool -s eth1 autoneg on master-slave preferred-slave
ethtool -s eth1 autoneg on master-slave forced-master
ethtool -s eth1 autoneg on master-slave forced-slave

Example: checking PHY statistics

root@analog:~# ethtool --phy-statistics eth1
PHY statistics:
     total_frames_error_count: 0
     total_frames_count: 133
     length_error_frames_count: 0
     alignment_error_frames_count: 0
     symbol_error_count: 0
     oversized_frames_count: 0
     undersized_frames_count: 0
     odd_nibble_frames_count: 0
     odd_preamble_packet_count: 0
     false_carrier_events_count: 0

Throughput testing - iperf

This is a more system-general test but it also validates the PHY.

More tools are available for this sort of testing (iperf3, netperf, etc), but iperf is one of the more basic/simple ones to do this validation. If this one achieves expected results, others should too

On one of the endpoints with the ADIN1300, run:

iperf -s

and on another system

iperf -c <ip-addr-of-the-other-system>

Then reverse the commands on the hosts. iperf only works in one direction.

Data integrity testing

One one side, generate a file with random data (say 1GB)

dd if=/dev/urandom of=test.data bs=1M count=1000

sha256sum test.data
<SHA256-hash-of-data>

Then transfer the data to the other side with scp,ftp,etc:

scp test.data root@<ip-addr-of-the-other-host>

On the other host check the hash

sha256sum test.data
<SHA256-hash-of-data> == should be identical with the first hash

Ethernet pointers

resources/tools-software/linux-drivers/net-mac-phy/adin1110.txt · Last modified: 12 May 2022 13:22 by Alexandru Tachici