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This version (12 Jun 2019 13:23) was approved by AndreiD1994.

PLC Arduino Shield Output Demo

The ADuCM3029_demo_cn0418 project provides a solution to control a PLC or DCS output system using the EVAL-CN0418-ARDZ and the EVAL-ADICUP3029. It uses a DAC with 4 channels that can be configured as either voltage or current output and is compatible with HART modem output to enable HART communication on any channel. It has a 32kb EEPROM memory that can also be used to identify the board and is controlled via a command line interface (CLI).

General Description/Overview

The EVAL-CN0418-ARDZ is an Arduino compatible shield includes a AD5755-1 (quad channel voltage and current output DAC with dynamic power control) and the AD5700-1 HART modem, to give a completely isolated multiplexed HART analog output solution.

The ADuCM3029_demo_cn0418 application uses different software modules to deliver a CLI interface that can be used to set any channel range or output and transmit and receive HART messages on any of those channels. It uses SPI to communicate with the AD5755-1, to read and write its registers. The channle code and range registers can be set as well as the RSET register. It can function both in voltage and current mode.

The current mode is used with the AD5700-1 HART modem to transmit and receive HART messages. The application can send command zero and then receive and interpret the result. The receiving is done asynchronous through the use of GPIO group interrupts featured by the ADuCM3029. The maximum baudrate of the HART communication is 1200 and is implemented by a software UART. It transmits and receives data bytes of 8 bits with one stop bit and one parity bit, using odd parity.

The CLI is implemented using the hardware UART module in the ADuCM3029 and can work up 115200 baudrate.

 CN0418 connection block diagram

Demo Requirements

The following is a list of items needed in order to replicate this demo.

  • Hardware
    • EVAL-ADICUP3029
    • EVAL-CN0418-ARDZ
    • Mirco USB to USB cable
    • PC or Laptop with a USB port
    • 24V source
  • Software
    • ADuCM3029_demo_cn0418 software
    • CrossCore Embedded Studio (2.8.0 or higher)
    • ADuCM302x DFP (3.2.0 or higher)
    • ADICUP3029 BSP (1.1.0 or higher)
    • Serial Terminal Program
      • Such as Putty or Tera Term

Setting up the Hardware

  1. Connect EVAL-CN0418-ARDZ to the EVAL-ADICUP3029.
  2. Set the jumpers into the position shown below. This is the standard position and only works for one board systems.
  3. Connect a micro-USB cable to P10 connector of the EVAL-ADICUP3029 and connect it to a computer.
  4. Connect the 24V power source to the P1 connector with the ground wire to pin 2 and 24V wire to pin 3. The final setup should look similar to the picture below.

Configuring the Software

The software needs no configuration beyond the CLI UART baudrate, and HART UART parity and number of bits. These can be accessed in the ADuCM3029_demo_cn0418.c file in the main function, but usually the default values work best.

Outputting Data

Serial Terminal Output

A serial terminal is an application that runs on a PC or laptop that is used to display data and interact with a connected device (including many of the Circuits from the Lab reference designs). The device's UART peripheral is most often connected to a UART to USB interface IC, which appears as a traditional COM port on the host PC/ laptop. (Traditionally, the device's UART port would have been connected to an RS-232 line driver / receiver and connected to the PC via a 9-pin or 25-pin serial port.) There are many open-source applications, and while there are many choices, typically we use one of the following:

Before continuing, please make sure you download and install one of the above programs.

There are several parameters on all serial terminal programs that must be setup properly in order for the PC and the connected device to communicate. Below are the common settings that must match on both the PC side and the connected UART device.

  1. COM Port - This is the physical connection made to your PC or Laptop, typically made through a USB cable but can be any serial communications cable. You can determine the COM port assigned to your device by visiting the device manager on your computer. Another method for identifying which COM port is associated with a USB-based device is to look at which COM ports are present before plugging in your device, then plug in your device, and look for a new COM port.
  2. Baud Rate - This is the speed at which data is being transferred from the connected device to your PC. These parameters must be the same on both devices or data will be corrupted.
  3. Data Bits - The number of data bits per transfer. Typically UART transmits ASCII codes back to the serial port so by default this is almost always set to 8-Bits.
  4. Stop Bits - The number of “stop” conditions per transmission. This usually set to 1, but can be set to 2 for redundancy.
  5. Parity - Is a way to check for errors during the UART transmission. Unless otherwise specified, set parity to “none”.
  6. Flow Control - Is a way to ensure that data lose between fast and slow devices on the same UART bus are not lost during transmission. This is typically not implemented in a simple system, and unless otherwise specified, set to “none”.

In many instances there are other options that each of the different serial terminal applications provide, such as local line echo or local line editing, and features like this can be turned on or off depending on your preferences. This setup guide will not go over all the options of each tool, but just the minor features that will make it easier to read back data from the connected devices.

Example setup using Putty

  1. Plug in your connected device using a USB cable or other serial cable.
  2. Wait for the device driver of the connected device to install on your PC or Laptop.
  3. Open your device manager, and find out which COM port was assigned to your device.
  4. Open up your serial terminal program (Putty for this example)
  5. Click on the serial configuration tab or window, and input the settings to match the requirements of your connected device.
  6. Ensure that local echo and line editing are enabled, so that you can see what you type and are able to correct mistakes. (Some devices may echo typed characters - if so, you will see each typed character twice. If this happens, turn off local echo.)
  7. Click on the open button, and as long as your connected device and serial terminal program are setup the same, than you should see data displaying.
Hint: If you see nothing in the serial terminal, try hitting the reset button on the embedded development board.

Available Commands

Typing help or h after initial calibration sequence will display the list of commands and their short versions. Bellow is the short command list:

Command Description
General commands
h Display available commands.
stts Display parameters of the application.
DAC commands
dsr Set range of a channel.
<chan> = channel to be set.
Available channel options are: cha, chb, chc, chd.
<range> = chosen range for the channel.
Available options are:
- r05v = range from 0 to 5 volts;
- r010v = range from 0 to 10 volts;
- rmp5v = range form -5 to +5 volts;
- rmp10v = range from -10 to +10 volts;
- r420ma = range from 4 to 20 mili-amperes;
- r020ma = range from 0 to 20 mili-amperes;
- r024ma = range from 0 to 24 mili-amperes.
dsv Set voltage output on a channel. Only works if the channel is set to a voltage range.
<chan> = channel to update.
Available channel options are: cha, chb, chc, chd.
<voltage> = voltage level expressed in volts. Use decimal point for fractional values.
dsc Set current output on a channel. Only works if the channel is set to a current range.
<chan> = channel to update.
Available channel options are: cha, chb, chc, chd.
<current> = current level expressed in amperes. Use decimal point for fractional values.
dsx Set output on a channel. Works independent of channel range.
<chan> = channel to update.
Available channel options are: cha, chb, chc, chd.
<code> = 16-bit output code for the channel.
dse Set the RSET of a channel.
<chan> = channel to update.
Available channel options are: cha, chb, chc, chd.
<opt> = RSET option.
Available options are: int and ext.
HART commands
he Enable HART channel.
hd Disable HART channel.
hcc Select wanted channel.
<chan> = Channel to be selected.
ht Transmit string through HART.
<string> = string to be transmitted.
hg Send the received buffer through UART connection.
hcz Send command zero with the specified number of FFs in the preambule.
<pbsize> = size of the preambule (no. of 0xFFs in the beginning).
hpt Send a byte in a loop through HART to test the physical connection.
<byte> = byte to send in loop.
EEPROM commands
de Discover EEPROM I2C addresses if there are any.

 CN0418 application terminal example

Obtaining the Source Code

We recommend not opening the project directly, but rather import it into CrossCore Embedded Studios and make a local copy in your workspace.

The source code and include files of the ADuCM3029_demo_cn0418 can be found here:

How to use the Tools

The official tool we promote for use with the EVAL-ADICUP3029 is CrossCore Embedded Studio. For more information on downloading the tools and a quick start guide on how to use the tool basics, please check out the Tools Overview page.

Importing

For more detailed instructions on importing this application/demo example into the CrossCore Embedded Studios tools, please view our How to import existing projects into your workspace section.

Debugging

For more detailed instructions on importing this application/demo example into the CrossCore Embedded Studios tools, please view our How to configure the debug session section.

Project Structure

The program is composed of two main parts:

  1. Board setup with initial values.
  2. Main process.

 CN0418 application flow chart

Board setup initializes UART, SPI and I2C communication and verifies if there is an active EVAL-CN0418-ARDZ board connected by reading the main control register to memorize the value then trying to write and read that register to see if there is any device present that communicates through SPI the same way as the AD5755 and has the same register. If the AD5755's presence is confirmed this way the register is reset to the initial value and the application continues.

 CN0418 board setup flow

After initialization, the application enters a loop where it memorizes UART characters as they come from the CLI. If an ENTER character is detected the application determines if a command has been called and executes it. The application also listens on the active HART channel and memorizes in a buffer any transmission received.

 CN0418 process flow

End of Document

resources/eval/user-guides/eval-adicup3029/reference_designs/demo_cn0418.txt · Last modified: 12 Jun 2019 13:22 by AndreiD1994