Wiki

This version (14 Mar 2018 15:28) was approved by amiclaus.The Previously approved version (24 Apr 2017 08:52) is available.Diff

Activity 24M, MOS Multivibrators

Background:

A multivibrator circuit consists generally of two inverting amplifier stages. The two amplifiers are connected in series or cascade, and a feedback path connects from the output of the second amplifier back to the input of the first. Because each stages inverts the signal, the overall feedback around the loop is positive. There are three main types of multivibrators. In the astable multivibrator capacitors are used to couple the two amplifier stages and provide the feedback path. Since the capacitors block any DC signals (sometimes referred to as state) from passing from one stage to the next the astable multivibrator has no stable DC operating point and is thus a free-running oscillator. In the monostable multivibrator the coupling from one of the stages to the other uses one capacitor while the second connection is through a DC path. Thus the monostable multivibrator has one stable DC stage. Hence, monostable or as it is sometimes referred to as a one-shot. The circuit maintains this single stable state except when a triggering pulse is applied. Then the state changes for a predetermined length of time set by the RC time constant of the AC coupled part of the signal path. In the bistable multivibrator both coupling paths are DC coupled and thus the circuit has two different stable states and uses no capacitors. The bistable multivibrator is also called a flip-flop, with either of two DC stable states.

The Astable Multivibrator

Objectives:

The objective of this first experiment is to build an astable multivibrator. Two identical resistance-capacitance networks determine the frequency at which oscillation will occur. The amplifying devices (transistors) are connected in a common source configuration, as shown in figure 1.

Materials:

ADALM2000 Active Learning Module
Solder-less breadboard
Jumper wires
2 - 470 Ω Resistors
2 - 20 KΩ Resistors
2 - 10 KΩ Resistors
2 - small signal NMOS transistors (ZVN2110A)
1 - Red LED
1 - Green LED
2 - 47 uF Capacitors

Directions:

Construct the circuit as shown in figure 1 on your solder-less breadboard. The green boxes indicate connections to the ADALM2000. Note: there is no input from the ADALM2000 board just the power supply. The first inverting amplifier stage consists of M1 with R1 and the Red LED serving as the output load. The second inverting amplifier stage consists of M2 with R2 and the Green LED serving as the load. C1 couples the output of the first stage at the drain of M1 to the input of the second stage at the gate of M2. Similarly, C2 couples the output of the second stage at the drain of M2 back to the input of the first stage at the gate of M1.

Figure 1, Astable Multivibrator

Figure 2, Astable Multivibrator breadboard circuit

Procedure:

Turn on the Vp power supply only after you have completely built and checked the circuit. The red and green LEDs should alternately blink on and off at about a 1 second interval. You can also use the scope channels to monitor the output waveforms (Q and Qbar).

The frequency of oscillation is very slow due to the large values of capacitors C1 and C2. Replace C1 and C2 with 0.1uF capacitors. The circuit should oscillate much faster now such that both LEDs seem to be on at the same time. Using the scope channels you should not measure the frequency and period of the output waveforms.

Questions:

1. What are the two most important components in the multivibrator circuit shown in figure 1?
2. What would be the effect of increasing or decreasing the value of only one capacitor?
3. What would be the effect of increasing or decreasing the value of both capacitors?

Add more questions here:

The Monostable Multivibrator

Objectives:

The objective of this second experiment is to build an monostable multivibrator. One resistance-capacitance network determines the duration of the one-shot output. The amplifying devices (transistors) are connected in a common-source configuration, as shown in figure 2.

Materials:

ADALM2000 Active Learning Module
Solder-less breadboard
Jumper wires
2 - 470 Ω Resistors
1 - 1 KΩ Resistors
1 - 20 KΩ Resistor
1 - 10 KΩ Resistor
1 - 47 KΩ Resistor
1 - small signal diode (1N914)
2 - small signal NMOS transistors (ZVN2110A)
1 - Red LED
1 - Green LED
1 - 47 uF Capacitor

Directions:

Construct the circuit as shown in figure 4 on your solder-less breadboard. The green boxes indicate connections to the ADALM2000. Starting with the circuit from experiment 1, remove one of the 20K? resistors (old R3) and replace capacitor C1 with a 1K? resistor (new R3). Add diode D1 and resistor R5 as shown to the base of M2. Be sure to replace C2 with the original 47 uF capacitor.

Figure 4, Monostable Multivibrator

Figure 5, Monostable Multivibrator Breadboard Circuit

Procedure:

Turn on the Vp power supply only after you have completely built and checked the circuit. The red LED should be lit and the green LED should be dark. With a length of wire, momentarily touch the trigger input (end of R5) to Vp and immediately let go. The red LED should go out and the green LED come on for about a second and then go back to the stable state with the red on and green off. Try this a few times.

Questions:

Add questions here:

The Bistable Multivibrator (or flip-flop)

Objectives:

The objective of this third experiment is to build an bistable multivibrator. The amplifying devices (transistors) are connected in a common-source configuration, as shown in figure 3.

Materials:

ADALM2000 Active Learning Module
Solder-less breadboard
Jumper wires
2 - 470 Ω Resistors
2 - 1 KΩ Resistors
2 - 47 KΩ Resistors
2 - small signal NMOS transistors (ZVN2110A)
2 - small signal diodes (1N914)
1 - Red LED
1 - Green LED

Directions:

Construct the circuit as shown in figure 7 on your solder-less breadboard. The green boxes indicate connections to the ADALM2000.

Figure 7, Bistable Multivibrator

Procedure:

Turn on the Vp power supply only after you have completely built and checked the circuit. Either the red LED should be lit with the green LED dark or the green LED should be lit with the red LED dark. With a length of wire, momentarily touch the either the SET or RESET input (end of R5 or R6) to Vp and immediately let go. The LEDs should change state or toggle back and forth depending which input is touched to Vp. Try this a few times.

Questions:

Add questions here:

For further reading:

university/courses/electronics/electronics-lab-24m.txt · Last modified: 22 Dec 2017 11:18 by DBautista