This page gives an overview of using the ARM platforms supported (default is Mbed) firmware application with Analog Devices AD777x Evaluation board(s) and SDP-K1/Nucleo-L552ZEQ controller board. This example code leverages the ADI developed IIO (Industrial Input Output) ecosystem to evaluate the AD777x family of devices by providing a device debug and data capture support. The code provides support to MBED and STM32 platforms.
IIO oscilloscope is used as client application running on Windows-os, which is ADI developed GUI for ADC data visualization and device debug. The interface used for communicating client application with firmware application (IIO device) is UART (Note: SDP-K1 can also support high speed VirtualCOM port @1Mbps or higher speed for faster data transmission). The firmware application communicates with IIO device using ADI No-OS drivers and platform drivers low level software layers. SDP-K1 for MBED and Nucleo-L552ZEQ is used as controller board, on which IIO firmware application runs and using above software libraries, the IIO firmware communicates with IIO device.
Please refer to the respective board user guide on the product page of the chosen device.
For data transmission to IIO client, VirtualCOM Or UART serial communication is used. SDP-K1 by default uses the VCOM serial interface for higher speed data transmission.
SDP-K1 is powered through USB connections from the computer. SDP-K1 acts as a Serial device when connected to PC, which creates a COM Port to connect to IIO Oscilloscope GUI running on windows-os. The COM port assigned to a device can be seen through the device manager for windows-based OS.
SDP-K1 can support high speed VirtualCOM port USB interface, so by default VCOM is configured as default interface in the firmware. The interface can be set to UART by defining macro “USE_PHY_COM_PORT” in the app_config.h file.
*Note: Actual COM port number for your device may not be the same as shown above. Therefore, always check your SDP-K1 serial COM port number before connecting to IIO client.
This section briefs on the usage of MBED and STM32 firmware. This also explains the steps to compile and build the application using mbed and make based build.
This library provides an abstracted library interface to communicate IIO device and IIO client application (IIO Oscilloscope) without worrying about the low level hardware details. Download and install below Libiio windows installer in your computer.
Libiio installer for Windows (Use below link):
This is a GUI (Graphical User Interface) based IIO client application for data visualization and device configuration/debugging. The data from IIO devices (ADCs/DACs) is transmitted over Serial/Ethernet/USB link to IIO Oscilloscope client through the abstracted layer of “libiio”. Download and install below IIO Oscilloscope windows installer in your computer.
IIO Oscilloscope installer for Windows (Use below link):
Open the IIO Oscilloscope application from start menu and configure the serial (UART) settings as shown below. Click on refresh button and AD777x device should pop-up in IIO devices list.
Click 'Connect' and it should by default open the data ‘Capture’ window. You can drag aside or close this window to see the main ‘Debug and DMM’ tab window.
Select the device from ‘Device’ pop-up list on ‘Debug’ tab window. This will make available all device specific and channel specific attributes.
The IIO Oscilloscope allows user to access and configure different device parameters, called as 'Device Attributes“. There are 2 types of attributes:
How to read and write attribute:
DMM tab can be used read the instantaneous voltage applied on analog input channels. Simply select the device and channels to read and press start button.
*Note: The voltage is just instantaneous, so it is not possible to get RMS AC voltage or averaged DC voltage. Also, when using DMM tab, do not access/use the Data Capture or Debug tab as this could impact data capturing. Both DMM scan and data capture uses different methods of conversion. The DMM data is read using single conversion, while data capture uses continuous conversion mode of operation.
To capture the data from AD777x IIO device, simply select the device and channels to read/capture data. The data is plotted as “ADC Raw Value” Vs “Number of Samples” and is just used for Visualization. The data is read as is from device without any processing. If user wants to process the data, it must be done externally by capturing data from the Serial link on controller board.
The DMM or Debug tab should not be accessed when capturing data as this would impact data capturing. Both DMM scan and data capture uses different methods of conversion. The DMM data is read using single conversion, while data capture uses continuous conversion mode of operation.More info here: Data Capture using IIO App
Data capture can be achieved with clients other than the IIO Oscilloscope as well. A possible option using ADI's pyadi-iio library in python has been demonstrated in the forthcoming sections. The ad777x_data_capture.py is capable of achieving the same.
*Make sure to install additional support packages by running requirements.txt file using command “python -m pip install -r requirements.txt from “scripts/” directory”
While executing the adxxxx_data_capture.py, the command prompt requests for the number of samples to be entered by the user.
This file can be used to:
This file defines the user configurations for the AD777x, such as SPI parameters (frequency, mode, etc) and other init parameters used by No-OS drivers to initialize AD777x device (e.g. required GPIOs, software/hardware mode, etc). These are the parameters loaded into device when device is powered-up or power-cycled.
This file defines getter/setter functions for all the device and channel specific attributes (related to AD777x devices) to read/write the device parameters. The majority of device specific functionality is present in this module.
This file contains all the support functions utilized in the firmware
This file contains all the extra parameters specific to mbed platform
This file contains all the extra parameters specific to STM32 platform. There might be a need to change certain parameters if any board other than the Nucleo-L552ZEQ is chosen.
The no-os drivers provide the high level abstracted layer for digital interface of AD777x devices. The complete digital interface (to access memory map and perform data read) is done in integration with platform drivers.
The functionality related with no-os drivers is covered in below 2 files: