This version (08 Jun 2016 20:15) was approved by larsc.The Previously approved version (06 Oct 2015 18:27) is available.Diff

AD1936 Sound CODEC Linux Driver

Supported devices

Evaluation Boards

Source Code


Source Mainline?
git Yes


Example device initialization

Declaring SPI slave devices

Unlike PCI or USB devices, SPI devices are not enumerated at the hardware level. Instead, the software must know which devices are connected on each SPI bus segment, and what slave selects these devices are using. For this reason, the kernel code must instantiate SPI devices explicitly. The most common method is to declare the SPI devices by bus number.

This method is appropriate when the SPI bus is a system bus, as in many embedded systems, wherein each SPI bus has a number which is known in advance. It is thus possible to pre-declare the SPI devices that inhabit this bus. This is done with an array of struct spi_board_info, which is registered by calling spi_register_board_info().

For more information see: Documentation/spi/spi-summary

21 Oct 2010 16:10

You need to set the modalias of your SPI info according to your codec. Valid values are “ad1935” and “ad1937”, You'll also have to adjust bus_num and chip_select according to your board setup.

static struct spi_board_info board_spi_board_info[] __initdata = {
		.modalias = "ad1936",
		.max_speed_hz = 3125000,     /* max spi clock (SCK) speed in HZ */
		.bus_num = 0,
		.chip_select = 4, /* CS, change it for your board */
		.mode = SPI_MODE_3,
static int __init board_init(void)
	spi_register_board_info(board_spi_board_info, ARRAY_SIZE(board_spi_board_info));
	return 0;

ASoC DAPM Widgets

Name Description
DAC1OUT DAC Channel1 Output
DAC2OUT DAC Channel2 Output
DAC3OUT DAC Channel3 Output
DAC4OUT DAC Channel4 Output
ADC1IN ADC Channel1 Input
ADC2IN ADC Channel2 Input

ALSA Controls

Name Description
ADC High Pass Filter Switch Enable/Disable ADC high-pass filter
Playback Deemphasis Select playback de-emphasis. Possible Values: “None”, “48kHz”, “44.1kHz”, “32kHz”
DAC1 Volume DAC Channel 1 volume
DAC2 Volume DAC Channel 2 volume
DAC3 Volume DAC Channel 3 volume
DAC4 Volume DAC Channel 4 volume
DAC1 Switch Mute/Unmute DAC Channel 1
DAC2 Switch Mute/Unmute DAC Channel 2
DAC3 Switch Mute/Unmute DAC Channel 3
DAC4 Switch Mute/Unmute DAC Channel 4
ADC1 Switch Mute/Unmute ADC Channel1
ADC2 Switch Mute/Unmute ADC Channel2

DAI Configuration

DAI name

Supported DAI formats

Name Supported by driver Description
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_RIGHT_J no Right Justified mode
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_LEFT_J no Left Justified mode
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_AC97 no AC97 mode
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_PDM no Pulse density modulation
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_NB_NF yes Normal bit- and frameclock
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_NB_IF yes Normal bitclock, inverted frameclock
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_IB_NF yes Inverted frameclock, normal bitclock
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_IB_IF yes Inverted bit- and frameclock
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_CBM_CFM yes Codec bit- and frameclock master
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_CBS_CFM yes Codec bitclock slave, frameclock master
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_CBM_CFS yes Codec bitclock master, frameclock slave
SND_SOC_DAIFMT_CBS_CFS yes Codec bit- and frameclock slave

Example DAI Configuration

static int bf5xx_ad193x_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
	struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params)
	struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
	struct snd_soc_dai *cpu_dai = rtd->cpu_dai;
	struct snd_soc_dai *codec_dai = rtd->codec_dai;
	int ret;
	/* set cpu DAI configuration */
	ret = snd_soc_dai_set_fmt(cpu_dai, SND_SOC_DAIFMT_DSP_A |
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;
	/* set codec DAI configuration */
	ret = snd_soc_dai_set_fmt(codec_dai, SND_SOC_DAIFMT_DSP_A |
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;
	return 0;
static struct snd_soc_ops bf5xx_ad193x_ops = {
	.hw_params = bf5xx_ad193x_hw_params,
static struct snd_soc_dai_link bf5xx_ad193x_dai = {
	.name = "ad193x",
	.stream_name = "AD193X",
	.cpu_dai_name = "bfin-tdm.0",
	.codec_dai_name = "ad193x-hifi",
	.platform_name = "bfin-tdm-pcm-audio",
	.codec_name = "spi0.4",
	.ops = &bf5xx_ad193x_ops,

AD193X evaluation board driver

Adding Kernel Support - As a module

To add support for the built-in codec AD193X of BF5XX to the kernel build system, a few things must be enabled properly for things to work.The configuration is as following:

Linux Kernel Configuration
  Device Drivers  ---> 
    Sound  ---> 
      <M> Sound card support
        Advanced Linux Sound Architecture  --->
          <M> Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
          < > Sequencer support
          <M> OSS Mixer API 
          <M> OSS PCM (digital audio) API
          <M>   ALSA for SoC audio support  --->
              <M>   SoC I2S(TDM mode) Audio for the ADI BF5xx chip
              <M>   SoC AD193X Audio support for BF5xx                      

Doing this will create modules (outside the kernel). The modules will be inserted automatically when it is needed. You can also build sound driver into kernel.

resources/tools-software/linux-drivers/sound/ad1936.txt · Last modified: 08 Jun 2016 20:14 by larsc