Table of Contents
AD5781/AD5791 Quick Start Guide
Single, 18-/20-Bit, Voltage Output DACs, SPI Interface
- High relative accuracy (INL): ±0.5 LSB maximum (18-bit AD5781)
- 1 ppm resolution, 1 ppm INL (20-bit AD5791)
- 7.5 nV/√Hz output noise spectral density
- 0.19 LSB long-term linearity error stability (20-bit AD5791)
- <0.05 ppm/°C temperature drift
- 1 μs output voltage settling time
- 1.4 nV-sec midscale glitch impulse
- Operating temperature range: −40°C to +125°C
- 20-lead TSSOP package
- Wide power supply range of up to ±16.5 V
- 35 MHz Schmitt triggered digital interface
- 1.8 V compatible digital interface
Functional Block Diagram
Figure 2. 20-Lead TSSOP Pin Configuration
Table 1. Function Descriptions for Quick Start
|INV||Inverting input connection for external amplifier.|
|VOUT||Analog output voltage.|
|VREFPS||Positive reference sense voltage input. Connect a voltage in the range of 5 V to VDD - 2.5 V.|
|VREFPF||Positive reference force voltage input. Connect a voltage in the range of 5 V to VDD - 2.5 V.|
|VDD||Positive analog supply connection. Connect a voltage in the range of 7.5 V to 16.5 V. VDD must be decoupled to AGND.|
|Active low reset. Asserting this pin returns the DAC to its power-on status.|
|Active low input. Asserting this pin sets the DAC register to a user defined value and updates the DAC output.|
|Active low load DAC logic input. This is used to update the DAC register and, consequently, the analog output.|
|VCC||Digital supply. Connect a voltage in the range of 2.7 V to 5.5 V. VCC must be decoupled to DGND.|
|IOVCC||Digital interface supply. Voltage range is from 1.71 V to 5.5 V.|
|SDO||Serial data output.|
|SDIN||Serial data input.|
|SCLK||Serial clock input. Data can be transferred at clock rates of up to 35 MHz.|
|Active low digital interface synchronization input. This is the frame synchronization signal for the input data.|
|DGND||Ground reference for digital circuitry.|
|VREFNF||Negative reference force voltage input. Connect a voltage in the range of VSS + 2.5 V to 0 V.|
|VREFNS||Negative reference sense voltage input. Connect a voltage in the range of VSS + 2.5 V to 0 V.|
|VSS||Negative analog supply connection. Connect a voltage in the range of -16.5 V to -2.5 V. VSS must be decoupled to AGND.|
|AGND||Ground reference for analog circuitry.|
|RFB||Feedback connection for external amplifier.|
Hardware Control Pins Truth Table
Table 2. Hardware Control Pins Truth Table
|X1||X1||0||DAC in reset mode. The device cannot be programmed.|
|X1||X1||⇑2||DAC is returned to its power-on state. All registers are set to their default values.|
|0||0||1||DAC register loaded with the clearcode register value and output set accordingly.|
|0||1||1||Output set according to the DAC register value.|
|1||0||1||DAC register loaded with the clearcode register value and output set accordingly.|
|⇓3||1||1||Output set according to the DAC register value.|
|⇓3||0||1||Output remains at the clearcode register value.|
|⇑2||1||1||Output remains set according to the DAC register value.|
|⇑2||0||1||Output remains at the clearcode register value.|
|1||⇓3||1||DAC register loaded with the clearcode register value and output set accordingly.|
|0||⇓3||1||DAC register loaded with the clearcode register value and output set accordingly.|
|1||⇑2||1||Output remains at the clearcode register value.|
|0||⇑2||1||Output set according to the DAC register value.|
1 X is don't care.
2 ⇑ is rising edge.
3 ⇓ is falling edge.
Input Shift Register Contents
Figure 3. Input Shift Register Contents
Table 3. Register Address Definitions
|0||0||0||1||Write to the DAC register|
|0||0||1||0||Write to the control register|
|0||0||1||1||Write to the clearcode register|
|0||1||0||0||Write to the software control register|
|1||0||0||1||Read from the DAC register|
|1||0||1||0||Read from the control register|
|1||0||1||1||Read from the clearcode register|
1 X = don't care.
Figure 4. Control Register
Table 4. Control Register Functions
|RBUF||Output amplifier configuration control.|
|0||Internal amplifier powered up.|
|1 (default)||Internal amplifier powered down.|
|OPGND||Output ground clamp control.|
|0||DAC output clamp to ground removed and DAC placed in normal mode.|
|1 (default)||DAC output clamped to ground and DAC placed in tristate mode.|
|DACTRI||DAC tristate control.|
|0||DAC in normal operating mode.|
|1 (default)||DAC in tristate mode.|
|BIN/2sC||DAC register coding selection.|
|0 (default)||DAC register uses twos complement coding.|
|1||DAC register uses offset binary coding.|
|SDODIS||SDO pin enable/disable control.|
|0 (default)||SDO pin enabled.|
|1||SDO pin disabled (tristate).|
|LIN COMP||Linearity error compensation for varying reference input spans. Note that the reference input span options for the AD5781 are: up to 10 V (0000) and 20 V (1100). See the AD5781 data sheet for additional details.|
|0000 (default)||Reference input span up to 10 V.|
|1001||Reference input span between 10 V and 12 V.|
|1010||Reference input span between 12 V and 16 V.|
|1011||Reference input span between 16 V and 19 V.|
|1100||Reference input span between 19 V and 20 V.|
|R/||Read/write select bit.|
|0||AD5781/AD5791 addressed for a write operation.|
|1||AD5781/AD5791 addressed for a read operation.|
Software Control Register
Figure 5. Software Control Register
Table 5. Software Control Register Functions
|LDAC1||Setting this bit to 1 updates the DAC register and, consequently, the DAC output.|
|CLR2||Setting this bit to 1 sets the DAC register to a user defined value and updates the DAC output.|
|RESET||Setting this bit to 1 returns the AD5781/AD5791 to its power-on state.|
1 The LDAC function has no effect when the pin is low. Refer to Table 2 in the Hardware Control Pins Truth Table section for additional details.
2 The CLR function has no effect when the pin is low. Refer to Table 2 in the Hardware Control Pins Truth Table section for additional details.
VREFN is the negative voltage applied at the VREFNx input pin.
VREFP is the positive voltage applied at the VREFPx input pin.
D is the 18-bit (AD5781) or 20-bit (AD5791) code programmed to the DAC.
N is the number of bits.
Example 1: Initializing and Writing to the DAC Register
Initializing the DAC
To initialize the part,
- Because this initialization is a write to the part, set the R/ bit to a Logic 0.
- Keep the default mode for LIN COMP, SDODIS, and RBUF.
- To write in binary coding, select BIN/2sC = 1.
- Set DACTRI = 0 and OPGND = 0 to place the DAC in normal operating mode and remove the DAC output clamp to ground, respectively.
Write the following over the serial interface: 0010 0000 0000 0000 0001 0010 (R/ bit, three register address bits, 20 data bits).
See Table 6 and Figure 6.
Table 6. Bit Settings to Initialize and Write to the Part
|23||R/||0||AD5781/AD5791 addressed for a write operation|
|[22:20]||C2, C1, C0||010||Write to the control register|
|[9:6]||LIN COMP||0000||Linearity error compensation for a reference input span up to 10 V|
|5||SDODIS||0||The SDO pin enabled for future readings from the part|
|4||BIN/2sC||1||Offset binary coding|
|3||DACTRI||0||Place the DAC in normal operating mode|
|2||OPGND||0||Remove the DAC output clamp to ground|
|1||RBUF||1||Internal amplifier powered down|
To write in offset binary coding, set BIN/2sC = 1.
The default coding is twos complement. The same 24-bit data impacts the values that the user writes to or reads from the part in a different way depending on the coding selected. The user must verify the coding used by writing to the control register or reading back from it.
Figure 6. Initializing the Part
Writing to the DAC Register
To write a midscale code to the DAC register,
- Set R/ = 0 to select the write option from the read/write bit.
- Set C[2:0] = 001 for the correspondent register address.
- Set D[19:0], the data bits, for a midscale code.
The 24-bit data to write over the serial interface is as follows:
18-bit AD5781: 0001 1000 0000 0000 0000 00XX
20-bit AD5791: 0001 1000 0000 0000 0000 0000
where X = don't care.
See Table 7 and Figure 7.
Table 7. Bit Settings to Write to DAC Register
Figure 7. Writing to the DAC Register
Example 2: Clearing the DAC to a Defined Value
Writing to the Clearcode Register
To define the value at which the DAC output is set when the pin or CLR bit in the software control register is asserted, write the desired code to the clearcode register.
For a full-scale clear code, write the following over the serial interface:
18-bit AD5781: 0011 1111 1111 1111 1111 11XX
20-bit AD5791: 0011 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111
where X = don't care.
See Figure 8.
Figure 8. Writing Full-Scale Code to the Clearcode Register
Writing to the Software Control Register
Set the CLR bit to a Logic 1 to set the DAC register to a user defined value and update the DAC output.
Write the following over the serial interface: 0100 0000 0000 0000 0000 0010
The user should see the DAC output value change to full-scale code.
See Figure 9.
Figure 9. Clearing the Part to a User Defined Value
Reading From the Clearcode Register
To confirm the clearcode value written to the part, read the data from the clearcode register (full scale for this example).
Write the following over the serial interface:
1011 XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX XXXX
where X = don't care.
See Figure 10.
Note that this action is a read function. Therefore, set the R/ bit = 1.
D19 to D0, the data bits, are don't care bits because the intention is to read from the part, and not to write to the part.
Figure 10. Reading from the Clearcode Register