This lab presents the steps to setup an environment for using the EVAL-ADF4002SD1Z evaluation board together with the BeMicro SDK USB stick, the Nios II Embedded Development Suite (EDS) and the Micrium µC-Probe run-time monitoring tool. Below is presented a picture of the EVAL-ADF4002SD1Z Evaluation Board with the BeMicro SDK Platform.
For component evaluation and performance purposes, as opposed to quick prototyping, the user is directed to Analog Devices System Demonstration Platform (SDP). The SDP consists of a:
The EVAL-SDP-CS1Z controller board is Serial Interfaces Only, low cost, reduced functionality controller board. It has a USB to Serial Engine at its core. It connects to the PC through a USB 2.0 high speed port. The SDP-S has a single 120 pin connector and exposes SPI, I2C and GPIO interfaces to connected SDP daughter boards.
The EVAL-ADF4002SD1Z is designed to allow the user to evaluate the performance of the ADF4002 frequency synthesizer for phase-locked loops (PLLs). The board contains the footprint for an ADF4002 synthesizer, an SMA connector for the reference input, power supplies, and an RF output. There is also a footprint for a loop filter and a VCO on board.
The ADF4002 frequency synthesizer is used to implement local oscillators in the up-conversion and down-conversion sections of wireless receivers and transmitters. It consists of a low-noise digital phase frequency detector (PFD), a precision charge pump, a programmable reference divider and programmable N divider. The 14-bit reference counter (R counter), allows selectable REFIN frequencies at the PFD input. A complete phase-locked loop (PLL) can be implemented if the synthesizer is used with an external loop filter and voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). In addition, by programming R & N to 1, the part can be used as a stand alone PFD and charge pump.
The first objective is to ensure that you have all of the items needed and to install the software tools so that you are ready to create and run the evaluation project.
Below is presented the list of required hardware items:
Below is presented the list of required software tools:
The Quartus II design software and the Nios II EDS is available via the Altera Complete Design Suite DVD or by downloading from the web.
The Micrium uC/Probe Trial version 2.5 is available via download from the web at http://micrium.com/tools/ucprobe/trial/. After installation add to the “Path” system variable the entry “%QUARTUS_ROOTDIR%\bin\“ on the third position in the list.
Create a folder called “ADIEvalBoardLab” on your PC and extract the ADF4002_EvalBoardLab.zip archive to this folder. Make sure that there are NO SPACES in the directory path. After extracting the archive the following folders should be present in the ADIEvalBoardLab folder: FPGA, Software, ucProbeInterface, NiosCpu.
After the Quartus II and Nios II software packages are installed, you can plug the BeMicro SDK board into your USB port. Your Windows PC will find the new hardware and try to install the driver.
Since Windows cannot locate the driver for the device the automatic installation will fail and the driver has to be installed manually. In the Device Manager right click on the USB-Blaster device and select Update Driver Software.
In the next dialog box select the option Browse my computer for driver software. A new dialog will open where it is possible to point to the driver’s location. Set the location to altera\<version number>\quartus\drivers\usb-blaster and press Next.
If Windows presents you with a message that the drivers have not passed Windows Logo testing, please click “Install this driver software anyway”. Upon installation completion a message will be displayed to inform that the installation is finished.
The next sections of this lab present all the steps needed to create a fully functional project that can be used for evaluating the operation of the ADI platform. It is possible to skip these steps and load into the FPGA an image that contains a fully functional system that can be used together with the uC-Probe interface for the ADI platform evalution. The first step of the quick evaluation process is to program the FPGA with the image provided in the lab files. Before the image can be loaded the Quartus II Web Edition tool or the Quartus II Programmer must be installed on your computer. To load the FPGA image run the program_fpga.bat batch file located in the ADIEvalBoardLab/FPGA folder. After the image was loaded the system must be reset. Now the FPGA contains a fully functional system and it is possible to skip directly to the DEMONSTRATION PROJECT USER INTERFACE section of this lab.
The lab is delivered together with a set of design files that are used to evaluate the ADI part. The FPGA image that must be loaded into the BeMicroSDK FPGA is included in the design files. This section presents the components included in the FPGA image and also the procedure to load the image into the FPGA.
The following components are implemented in the FPGA design:
|EPCS FLASH CONTROLLER
To load the FPGA image the following steps must be performed:
After finishing, the image is permanently loaded to the configuration Flash and the system will start with a blinking LED after reset or power up.
This section presents the steps for developing a software application that will run on the BeMicroSDK system and will be used for controlling and monitoring the operation of the ADI evaluation board.
Launch the Nios II SBT from the Start → All Programs → Altera → Nios II EDS 11.0 → Nios II 11.0 Software Build Tools for Eclipse (SBT).
NOTE: Windows 7 users will need to right-click and select Run as administrator. Another method is to right-click and select Properties and click on the Compatibility tab and select the Run This Program As An Administrator checkbox, which will make this a permanent change.
The tool will create two new software project directories. Each Nios II application has 2 project directories in the Eclipse workspace.
Since you chose the blank project template, there are no source files in the application project directory at this time. The BSP contains a directory of software drivers as well as a system.h header file, system initialization source code and other software infrastructure.
The software project provided in this lab does not make use of an operating system. All stdout, stdin and stderr messages will be directed to the jtag_uart.
In addition to the board support package settings configured using the BSP Editor, there are other compilation settings managed by the Eclipse environment such as compiler flags and optimization level.
In Windows Explorer locate the project directory which contains a directory called Software. In Windows Explorer select all the files and directories from the Software folder and drag and drop them into the Eclipse software project ADIEvalBoard.
Just as you configured the optimization level for the BSP project, you should set the optimization level for the application software project ADIEvalBoard as well.
Application code can be conveniently organized in a directory structure. This section shows how to define these paths in the makefile.
These 2 steps will compile and build the associated board support package, then the actual application software project itself. The result of the compilation process will be an Executable and Linked Format (.elf) file for the application, the ADIEvalBoard.elf file.
The BeMicroSDK hardware is designed with a System ID peripheral. This peripheral is assigned a unique value based on when the hardware design was last modified in the SOPC Builder tool. SOPC Builder also places this information in the .sopcinfo hardware description file. The BSP is built based on the information in the .sopcinfo file.
To run the software project on the Nios II processor:
This will re-build the software project to create an up–to-date executable and then download the code into memory on the BeMicroSDK hardware. The debugger resets the Nios II processor, and it executes the downloaded code. Note that the code is verified in memory before it is executed.
The code size and start address might be different than the ones displayed in the above screenshot.
A notable challenge in embedded systems development is to overcome the lack of feedback that such systems typically provide. Many developers resort to blinking LEDs or instrumenting their code with printf() in order to determine whether or not their systems are running as expected. Micrium provides a unique tool named µC-Probe to assist these developers. With this tool, developers can effortlessly read and write the variables on a running embedded system. This section presents the steps required to install the Micrium uC-Probe software tool and to run the demonstration project for the ADI evaluation board. A description of the uC-Probe demonstration interface is provided.
Launch uC-Probe from the Start → All Programs → Micrium → uC-Probe.
Select uC-Probe options.
Set target board communication protocol as JTAG UART
Setup JTAG UART communication settings
The following figure presents the uC-Probe interface that can be used for monitoring and controlling the operation of the EVAL-ADF4002SD1Z evaluation board.
Section A allows for the communication with the board to be activated / deactivated by toggling the ON/OFF switch. The Activity LED turns green when the communication is active. Before pressing the ON/OFF switch, make sure you select the desired Device Initialization Procedure. If the ON/OFF switch is set to ON and the Activity LED is BLACK it means that there is a communication problem with the board. See the Troubleshooting section for indications on how to fix the communication problems. The Error LED will indicate that the data received on the SDO pin is different than data sent. If the Function Latch or Initialization Latch is written, with a different MUXOUT value than 6, this LED will be activated. To reset the LED, the board must be deactivated and reactivated, case in which the Initialization procedure will set MUXOUT to 6.
Sections B to E allow for configuration of each latch on the ADF4002.
Section B allows for the configuration of the Reference Counter Latch. The LDP switch will toggle on or off the Lock Detect Precision bits. The TBS and ABW sliders will configure the Test Mode Bits and Anti Backlash Width bits respectively. The 14 Bit Reference Counter allows for the configuration of the counter. The last numerical display will display the resulting value in a decimal format. By toggling the Write switch in this section, a single write will be performed on the Reference Counter Latch with the programmed value.
Section C allows for the configuration of the N Counter Latch. The CPG switch toggles the CP Gain bit. The 13 Bit N Counter allows for the configuration of the N counter. The last numerical display in the row will display the resulting value in a decimal format. By toggling the Write switch, a single write will be performed on the N Counter Latch, with the value displayed.
Sections D and E have the same structure. The difference between these two latches is that when the Initialization Latch is programmed, there is an additional internal reset pulse applied to the R and N counters. This pulse ensures that the N counter is at a load point when the N counter data is latched, and the device will begin counting in close phase alignment. PD2 switch toggles the Power Down 2 pin. The CS2 and CS1 sliders will configure the Current Setting 2 and Current Setting 1 bits respectively. The Timer Counter Control can be configured through the TCC slider. Next, the switches configure the Fastlock Mode, Fastlock Enable, CP Three-State and Phase Detector Polarity bits. The MUX slider allows to select what is to be available on the MUXOUT pin. By default, at initialization, this has the value 6 set, in order to be able to use this pin as SDO. PD1 switch allows for setting the Power Down 1 bits. Lastly, the CR switch allows for resetting the R and N counters.
In case there is a communication problem with the board the follwing actions can be perfomed in order to try to fix the issues: