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This version (11 Mar 2022 03:05) was approved by John Xavier Toledo.The Previously approved version (04 Mar 2022 03:34) is available.Diff

EVALUATING THE AD9627 / AD6655 / AD6653 ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER

Preface

This user guide describes the evaluation boards, AD9627-125EBZ, AD9627-150EBZ, and AD6655-125EBZ that are used to evaluate the following Analog Devices, Inc., products: AD9627, AD6655, and AD6653. These evaluation boards provide all of the support circuitry required to operate these parts in their various modes and configurations. The application software used to interface with the devices is also described.

The AD9627, AD6655, and AD6653 data sheets provide additional information and should be consulted when using the evaluation board. All documents and software tools are available at www.analog.com/hsadcevalboard. For additional information or questions, send an email to highspeedproductssupport@analog.com.

Typical Measurement Setup

Figure 1. Evaluation Board Connection—AD9627-125EBZ, AD9627-150EBZ, or AD6655-125EBZ (on Left) and HSC-ADC-EVALCZ (on Right)

Features

  • Full featured evaluation board for the AD9627, AD6655, and AD6653
  • SPI interface for setup and control
  • External, on-board oscillator, or AD9516 clocking option
  • Balun/transformer or amplifier input drive option
  • LDO regulator or switching power supply options
  • VisualAnalog® and SPI controller software interfaces

Helpful Documents

Software Needed

Design and Integration Files

Equipment Needed

  • Analog signal source and antialiasing filter
  • Sample clock source (if not using the on-board oscillator)
  • 2 switching power supplies (6.0 V, 2.5 A), CUI EPS060250UH-PHP-SZ provided
  • PC running Windows®
  • USB 2.0 port
  • HSC-ADC-EVALCZ FPGA-based data capture kit

Getting Started

This section provides quick start procedures for using the AD9627-125EBZ, AD9627-150EBZ, or AD6655-125EBZ board. Both the default and optional settings are described.

Configuring the Board

Before using the software for testing, configure the evaluation board as follows:

  1. Connect the evaluation board to the data capture board, as shown in Figure 1.
  2. Connect one 6 V, 2.5 A switching power supply (such as the CUI EPS060250UH-PHP-SZ that is supplied) to the AD9627, AD6655, or AD6653 board.
  3. Connect one 6 V, 2.5 A switching power supply (such as the supplied CUI EPS060250UH-PHP-SZ supplied) to the HSC-ADC-EVALCZ board.
  4. Connect the HSC-ADC-EVALCZ board to the PC with a USB cable. (Connect to J6)
  5. On the ADC evaluation board, confirm that three jumpers are installed for default SPI operation: one in J1 between Pin 2 and 3, one in J2 between Pin 2 and 3, and one in J21 between Pin 1 and 2. For default configuration, confirm that jumpers are also installed: J5 from Pin 1 to Pin 2, J9 from Pin 1 to Pin 2, J18 from Pin 1 to Pin 2, and J19 from Pin 1 to Pin 2.
  6. Connect a signal generator as a sample clock at S5. For alternative clock configurations, kindly see the section provided.
  7. On the ADC evaluation board, use a clean signal generator with low phase noise to provide an input signal to the desired A (S2) and/or B (S3) channel(s). Use a 1 m, shielded, RG-58, 50 Ω coaxial cable to connect the signal generator: For best results, use a narrow-band, band-pass filter with 50 Ω terminations and an appropriate center frequency. (Analog Devices uses TTE, Allen Avionics, and K & L band-pass filters.)

Evaluation Board Hardware

Power Supplies

This evaluation board comes with a wall-mountable switching power supply that provides a 6 V, 2 A maximum output. Connect the supply to the rated 100 V ac to 240 V ac wall outlet at 47 Hz to 63 Hz. The output of the supply is a 2.1 mm inner diameter circular jack that connects to the PCB at J16. Once on the PC board, the 6 V supply is fused and conditioned before connection to six low dropout linear regulators that supply the proper bias to each of the various sections on the board.

External supplies can be used to operate the evaluation board by removing L1, L3, L4, and L13 to disconnect the voltage regulators supplied from the switching power supply. This enables the user to individually bias each section of the board. Use P3 and P4 to connect a different supply for each section. At least one 1.8 V supply is needed with a 1 A current capability for AVDD and DVDD; a separate 1.8 V to 3.3 V supply is recommended for DRVDD. To operate the evaluation board using the AD8352 option, a separate 5.0 V supply (AMP VDD) with a 1 A current capability is needed. To operate the evaluation board using the alternate SPI options, a separate 3.3 V analog supply (VS) is needed, in addition to the other supplies. The 3.3 V supply (VS) should have a 1 A current capability, as well. Solder Jumper SJ35 allows the user to separate AVDD and DVDD, if desired.

Input Signals

When connecting the clock and analog source, use clean signal generators with low phase noise, such as the Rohde & Schwarz SMA100A signal generators or the equivalent. Use 1 m long, shielded, RG-58, 50 Ω coaxial cable for making connections to the evaluation board. Enter the desired frequency and amplitude for the ADC. The AD9627 evaluation board from Analog Devices, Inc., can accept a ~2.8 V p-p or 13 dBm sine wave input for the clock. When connecting the analog input source, it is recommended that a multipole, narrow-band, band-pass filter with 50 Ω terminations be used. Band-pass filters of this type are available from TTE, Allen Avionics, and K & L Microwave, Inc. Connect the filter directly to the evaluation board, if possible.

Output Signals

The parallel CMOS outputs interface directly with the Analog Devices standard ADC data capture board (HSC-ADC-EVALCZ). For more information on the ADC data capture boards and their optional settings, visit www.analog.com/FIFO.

Default Operation and Jumper Selection Settings

This section explains the default and optional settings or modes allowed on the AD9627, AD6655, and AD6653.

Power Circuitry

Connect the switching power supply that is provided in the evaluation kit between a rated 100 V ac to 240 V ac wall outlet at 47 Hz to 63 Hz and P500.

VIN

The evaluation board is set up for a double balun configuration analog input with optimum 50 Ω impedance matching from 70 MHz to 200 MHz. For more bandwidth response, the differential capacitor across the analog inputs can be changed or removed (see Table 13). The common mode of the analog inputs is developed from the center tap of the transformer via the CML pin of the ADC (see the Analog Input Considerations section).

VREF

VREF is set to 1.0 V by tying the SENSE pin to ground by adding a jumper on Header J5 (Pin 1 to Pin 2). This causes the ADC to operate in 2.0 V p-p full-scale range. To place the ADC in 1.0 V p-p mode (VREF = 0.5 V), a jumper should be placed on Header J4. A separate external reference option is also included on the evaluation board. To use an external reference, connect J6 (Pin 1 to Pin 2) and provide an external reference at TP5. Proper use of the VREF options is detailed in the Voltage Reference section.

RBIAS

RBIAS requires a 10 kΩ resistor (R503) to ground and is used to set the ADC core bias current.

Clock

The default clock input circuitry is derived from a simple balun-coupled circuit using a high bandwidth 1:1 impedance ratio balun (T5) that adds a very low amount of jitter to the clock path. The clock input is 50 Ω terminated and ac-coupled to handle single-ended sine wave inputs. The transformer converts the single-ended input to a differential signal that is clipped before entering the ADC clock inputs. When the AD9627 input clock divider is utilized, clock frequencies up to 625 MHz can be input into the evaluation board through Connector S5.

PDWN

To enable the power-down feature, connect J7, shorting the PDWN pin to AVDD.

CSB

The CSB pin is internally pulled up, setting the chip into external pin mode, to ignore the SDIO and SCLK information. To connect the control of the CSB pin to the SPI circuitry on the evaluation board, connect J21, Pin 1 to J21, Pin 2.

SCLK/DFS

If the SPI port is in external pin mode, the SCLK/DFS pin sets the data format of the outputs. If the pin is left floating, the pin is internally pulled down, setting the default data format condition to offset binary. Connecting J2, Pin 1 to J2, Pin 2 sets the format to twos complement. If the SPI port is in serial pin mode, connecting J2, Pin 2 to J2, Pin 3 connects the SCLK pin to the on-board SPI circuitry

SDIO/DCS

If the SPI port is in external pin mode, the SDIO/DCS pin sets the duty cycle stabilizer. If the pin is left floating, the pin is internally pulled up, setting the default condition to DCS enabled. To disable the DCS, connect J1, Pin 1 to J1, Pin 2. If the SPI port is in serial pin mode, connecting J1, Pin 2 to J1, Pin 3 connects the SDIO pin to the on-board SPI circuitry.

Alternative Clock Configurations

Two alternate clocking options are provided on the AD9627 evaluation board. The first option is to use an on-board crystal oscillator (Y1) to provide the clock input to the part. To enable this crystal, Resistor R8 (0 Ω) and Resistor R85 (10 kΩ) should be installed, and Resistor R82 and Resistor R30 should be removed. A second clock option is to use a differential LVPECL clock to drive the ADC input using the AD9516 (U2). When using this drive option, the AD9516 charge pump filter components need to be populated (see Figure 79). Consult the AD9516 data sheet for more information. To configure the clock input from S5 to drive the AD9516 reference input instead of directly driving the ADC, the following components need to be added, removed, and/or changed.

  1. Remove R32, R33, R99, and R101 in the default clock path.
  2. Populate C78 and C79 with 0.001 μF capacitors and R78 and R79 with 0 Ω resistors in the clock path. In addition, unused AD9516 outputs (one LVDS and one LVPECL) are routed to optional Connector S8 through Connector S11 on the evaluation board.

Alternative Analog Input Drive Configurations

This section provides a brief description of the alternative analog input drive configuration using the AD8352. When using this particular drive option, some additional components need to be populated. For more details on the AD8352 differential driver, including how it works and its optional pin settings, consult the AD8352 data sheet.

To configure the analog input to drive the AD8352 instead of the default transformer option, the following components need to be added, removed, and/or changed for Channel A. For Channel B the corresponding components should be changed.

  1. Remove C1, C17, C18, and C117 in the default analog input path.
  2. Populate C8 and C9 with 0.1 μF capacitors in the analog input path. To drive the AD8352 in the differential input mode, populate the T10 transformer; the R1, R37, R39,R126, and R127 resistors; and the C10, C11, and C125 capacitors.
  3. Populate the optional amplifier output path with the desired components including an optional low-pass filter. Install 0 Ω resistors, R44 and R48. R43 and R47 should be increased (typically to 100 Ω) to increase to 200 Ω the output impedance seen by the AD8352.

Using The Software for Testing

Setting up the ADC Data Capture

After configuring the board, set up the ADC data capture using the following steps:

  1. Open VisualAnalog on the connected PC. The appropriate part type should be listed in the status bar of the VisualAnalog – New Canvas window. Select the template that corresponds to the type of testing to be performed (see Figure 2, where the AD9627 is shown as example).

    Figure 2. VisualAnalog, New Canvas Window

  2. After the template is selected, a message appears asking if the default configuration can be used to program the FPGA (Figure 3). Click YES and the window closes.

    Figure 3. VisualAnalog Default Configuration Message

  3. To change features to settings other than the default settings, click the Expand Display button, located on the bottom right corner of the window, to see what is shown in Figure 5. Detailed instructions for changing the features and capture settings can be found in the AN-905 Application Note, VisualAnalog Converter Evaluation Tool Version 1.0 User Manual. After the changes are made to the capture settings, click the Collapse Display button (see Figure 4).

Figure 4. VisualAnalog Window Toolbar, Collapsed Display

Figure 5. VisualAnalog, Main Window Expanded Display

Evaluation And Test

Setting up the SPI Controller Software

After the ADC data capture board setup is complete, set up the SPI controller software using the following procedure:

  1. Open the SPI controller software by going to the Start menu or by double-clicking the SPIController software desktop icon. If prompted for a configuration file, select the appropriate one. If not, check the title bar of the window to determine which configuration is loaded. If necessary, choose Cfg Open from the File menu and select the appropriate file based on your part type. Note that the CHIP ID(1) box should be filled to indicate whether the correct SPI controller configuration file is loaded (see Figure 6).

    Figure 6. SPI Controller, CHIP ID(1) Box

  2. Click the New DUT button in the SPIController window (see Figure 7).

    Figure 7. SPI Controller, New DUT Button

  3. In the ADCBase 0 tab of the SPIController window, find the CLOCK DIVIDE(B) box (see Figure 8). If using the clock divider, use the drop-down box to select the correct clock divide ratio, if necessary. See the appropriate part data sheet, the AN-878 Application Note, High Speed ADC SPI Control Software, and the AN-877 Application Note, Interfacing to High Speed ADCs via SPI, for additional information on the available settings.

    Figure 8. SPI Controller, ADCBase0 Page

  4. Note that other settings can be changed on the ADCBase 0 page (see Figure 8) and the ADC A and ADC B pages (see Figure 9) to set up the part in the desired mode. The ADCBase 0 page settings affect the entire part, whereas the settings on the ADC A and ADC B pages affect the selected channel only. See the appropriate part data sheet; the AN-878 Application Note, High Speed ADC SPI Control Software, and the AN-877 Application Note, Interfacing to High Speed ADCs via SPI, for additional information on the available settings.

    Figure 9. SPI Controller, Example ADC A Page

  5. Click the Run button in the VisualAnalog toolbar (see Figure 10).

    Figure 10. Run Button (Encircled in Red) in VisualAnalog Toolbar, Collapsed Display

Adjusting the Amplitude of the Input Signal

The next step is to adjust the amplitude of the input signal for each channel as follows:

  1. Adjust the amplitude of the input signal so that the fundamental is at -1.0 dBFS. Examine the Fund Power reading in the left panel of the VisualAnalog Graph - AD9627 Average FFT window (see Figure 11) to verify this.

    Figure 11. Graph Window of VisualAnalog

  2. Repeat this procedure for Channel B.
  3. Click the disk icon within the Graph window to save the performance plot data as .csv formatted file. See Figure 12 for AD9627 example. Please refer to the respective data sheet of the product of interest for its typical FFT performance.

    Figure 12. Typical FFT, AD9627

Troubleshooting Tips

If the FFT plot appears abnormal, do the following:

  1. If you see a normal noise floor when you disconnect the signal generator from the analog input, be sure you are not overdriving the ADC. Reduce the input level, if necessary.
  2. In VisualAnalog, click the Settings button in the Input Formatter block. Check that Number Format is set to correct encoding (offset binary by default). Repeat for the other channel.

If the FFT appears normal but the performance is poor, check the following:

  1. Make sure that an appropriate filter is used on the analog input.
  2. Make sure that the signal generators for the clock and the analog input are clean (low phase noise).
  3. Change the analog input frequency slightly if noncoherent sampling is being used.
  4. Make sure that the SPI configuration file matches the product being evaluated.

If the FFT window remains blank after Run is clicked, do the following:

  1. Make sure that the evaluation board is securely connected to the HSC-ADC-EVALCZ board.
  2. Make sure that the FPGA has been programmed by verifying that the DONE LED is illuminated on the HSC-ADC-EVALCZ board. If this LED is not illuminated, make sure that the U4 switch on the board is in the correct position for USB CONFIG.
  3. Make sure that the correct FPGA program was installed by clicking the Settings icon in the ADC Data Capture block in VisualAnalog. Then select the FPGA tab and verify that the proper FPGA bin file is selected for the part.

If VisualAnalog indicates that the FIFO Capture timed out, do the following:

  1. Make sure that all power and USB connections are secure.
  2. Probe the DCOA signal at RN801 (Pin 2) on the evaluation board and confirm that a clock signal is present at the ADC sampling rate.
resources/eval/ad9627-150ebz_ad9627-125ebz_ad9640-125ebz_ad9640-105ebz.txt · Last modified: 11 Mar 2022 03:04 by John Xavier Toledo