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This version (20 Nov 2013 12:55) was approved by Alexandru.Tofan.The Previously approved version (18 Nov 2013 13:57) is available.Diff

AD7476A Pmod Xilinx FPGA Reference Design

Introduction

The AD7476A is 12-bit, high speed, low power, successive-approximation analog-to-digital converter (ADC). The part operates from a single 2.35V to 5.25V power supply and feature throughput rates up to 1 MSPS. The part contains a low noise, wide bandwidth track-and-hold amplifier that can handle input frequencies in excess of 13 MHz.

Two reference designs are available for this part:

  • A design which demonstrates how to acquire a signal and reproduce it using Digilent PmodAD1 and PmodDA1. Four types of waveforms (Square, Sine, Sawtooth and Triangle) are generated using the AD7303 DAC present on the PmodDA1 board. Each waveform has a period of 25 ms, and lasts for 25 s (1000 periods). A loopback cable is connected between the output of the AD7303 DAC (A1 Output) and the input of the AD7476 ADC (A0 input) present on the PmodAD1 board. The Xilinx ChipScope Analyzer tool is used to verify the digitized waveforms.

AD7476A Pmod Reference Design

Quick Start Guide

The bit file provided in the project *.zip file combines the FPGA bit file and the SDK elf files. It may be used for a quick check on the system. All you need is the hardware and a PC running a UART terminal and the programmer (IMPACT).

Required Hardware

Required Software

  • Xilinx ISE 14.4 (Programmer (IMPACT) is sufficient for the demo and is available on Webpack).
  • A UART terminal (Tera Term/Hyperterminal), Baud rate 115200 for the Avnet LX-9 Microboard and ZedBoard or 9600 for the Digilent Nexys™3 Board.
  • Linux Distribution for compiling the kernel (only required for Linux Device Drivers)

Running Demo (SDK) Program

If you are not familiar with LX9 and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://www.xilinx.com/products/boards-and-kits/AES-S6MB-LX9.htm for details.
If you are not familiar with Nexys™3 and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://www.digilentinc.com/Products/Detail.cfm?NavPath=2,400,897&Prod=NEXYS3 for details.
If you are not familiar with ZedBoard and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://www.em.avnet.com/en-us/design/drc/Pages/Zedboard.aspx for details.

Avnet LX9 MicroBoard Setup

Extract the project from the archive file (AD7476A_<board_name>.zip) to the location you desire.

To begin, connect the PmodACL to J5 connector of LX9 board (see image below). You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cable from the PC to the USB-UART female connector of the board for the UART terminal. The board will be programmed through its USB male connector.

PmodAD1 and LX-9

Digilent Nexys™3 Spartan-6 FPGA Board

Extract the project from the archive file (AD7476A_<board_name>.zip) to the location you desire.

To begin, connect the PmodACL to JA connector of NEXYS3 board (see image below). You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cables from the PC to the board, one for programming (Digilent USB device) and one for the UART terminal (FT232R USB UART).

PmodAD1 and Nexys™3

Avnet ZedBoard

To begin, connect the PmodAD1 to JD connector of ZedBoard (see image below). You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cables from the PC to the board, one for programming (Digilent USB device) and one for the UART terminal (FT232R USB UART).

PmodAD1 and ZedBoard

FPGA Configuration for Nexys3 and LX-9 MicroBoard

Start IMPACT, and double click “Boundary Scan”. Right click and select Initialize Chain. The program should recognize the Spartan 6 device (see screenshot below). Start a UART terminal (set to appropiate baud rate) and then program the device using the bit file provided in the project *.zip archive, located in the “sw” folder (../ad7476a/sw/AD7476A.bit).

Programming FPGA in IMPACT

If programming was successful, you should be seeing messages appear on the terminal window as shown in the figure below. After programming the AD7476A device, the program will automatically read the values of the analog voltage inputs, Vin1 and Vin2, and print them via UART. Pressing any key will initialize another conversion.

UART messeges UART messeges

FPGA Configuration for ZedBoard

Run the download.bat script from the ”../bin” folder downloaded from the github (see the links in the download section of the wiki page). The script will automatically configure the ZYNQ SoC and download the *.elf file afterwards.

If the download script fails to run, modify the Xilinx Tools path in download.bat to match your Xilinx Installation path.

If programming was successful, you should be seeing messages appear on the terminal window. After programming the AD7476A device, the program will automatically read the values of the analog voltage inputs, Vin1 and Vin2, and print the raw values via UART.

Using the reference design

Functional Description

Avnet LX-9 MicroBoard and Digilent Nexys3

The reference design is a custom SPI interface, with 2 MISO pins for the AD7476A ICs found on the PmodAD1 (PmodAD1 contains two AD7476A Integrated Circuits, which share the same CS and SCLK pins, but have separate MISO pins). The software programs the device, and afterwards reads the input voltage on both channels and prints them via UART.

Avnet ZedBoard

The reference design is a custom SPI interface, with 2 MISO pins for the AD7476A ICs found on the PmodAD1 (PmodAD1 contains two AD7476A Integrated Circuits, which share the same CS and SCLK pins, but have separate MISO pins). The software programs the device, and afterwards, using DMA, transfers 8192 samples (4096 for Channel 1 and 4096 for Channel 2) and prints them on the UART.

  • Connecting the PmodAD1 to the LX-9 Board or Nexys™3 Board using an extension cable provides ease of use.
  • UART must be set to 115200 Baud Rate for the Avnet LX-9 Microboard and ZedBoard or 9600 Baud Rate for the Digilent Nexys™3 Board.
  • The reference voltage for the AD7476A is 3.3V.

Downloads

Linux Device Driver - Xilinx SPI Core

Connect PmodAD1 to the JA1 connector of the ZedBoard (upper row of pins).

Preparing the SD Card

In order to prepare the SD Card for booting Linux on the ZedBoard:

Make sure you have an HDMI monitor connected to the ZedBoard, plug in the SD Card and power on the board. If everything is correct, the system should boot up. If you don't have an HDMI monitor, connect to the board via UART, Baud Rate 115200.

There are 2 ways to test the driver.

  • Using the terminal window
  • Using the ADI IIO Oscilloscope

Using the terminal window

Open a new terminal window by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T.

Navigate to the location of the device and identify it using the following commands:

cd /sys/bus/iio/devices/
ls
iio:device0 iio:device1 trigger0
cd iio\:device0
cat name
ad7476a

If the cat name command doesn't return ad7476a, then change the number of the iio:device, and check again.

cd ..
cd iio\:device1
cat name

To see the list of options that the AD7476A driver provides, type:

ls
buffer  in_voltage0_raw   name   scan_elements  trigger
dev     in_voltage_scale  power  subsystem      uevent

To read the raw input voltage, type:

cat in_voltage0_raw
2156

To read the scaled input voltage, type:

cat in_voltage_scale
0.410000

AD7476A Read Voltage from Terminal

The commands written above can also be used if not using an HDMI monitor and a wireless keyboard, by using a serial terminal, and typing the commands after the system boot-up is complete.

AD7476A Read Voltage from Serial Terminal

Using the ADI IIO Oscilloscope

Install the ADI IIO Oscilloscope using the instructions from the following wiki page:

Launch the ADI IIO Oscilloscope.

Open the Settings menu and select Impulse generator submenu. A popup window will appear and allow you to select an impulse generator (a high resolution timer) and its frequency. The conversions for both the ADC and the DAC are started by the impulses of the generator. Click the OK button.

AD7476A IIO Oscilloscope Impulse Timer Select

Select ad7476a from the Device drop-down menu. Click on in_voltage0 Active channels, and press the Green Play Button. Data will no be dislayed in the main plot window.

AD7476A IIO Oscilloscope Plot

Linux Device Driver - Custom HDL PCore

Connect PmodAD1 to the JD1 connector of the ZedBoard (upper row of pins).

Preparing the SD Card

In order to prepare the SD Card for booting Linux on the ZedBoard:

Make sure you have an HDMI monitor connected to the ZedBoard, plug in the SD Card and power on the board. If everything is correct, the system should boot up. If you don't have an HDMI monitor, connect to the board via UART, Baud Rate 115200.

There are 2 ways to test the driver.

  • Using the terminal window
  • Using the ADI IIO Oscilloscope

Using the terminal window

Open a new terminal window by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T.

Navigate to the location of the device and identify it using the following commands:

cd /sys/bus/iio/devices/
ls
iio:device0 trigger0
cd iio\:device0
cat name
AD7476A

If the cat name command doesn't return ad7476a, then change the number of the iio:device, and check again.

cd ..
cd iio\:device1
cat name

To see the list of options that the AD7476A driver provides, type:

ls
buffer  dev  name  power  scan_elements  subsystem  uevent

To read the raw input voltage, type:

cd buffer
echo 100 > length
echo 1 > enable
hexdump -x /dev/iio\:device0
0000000    07f7    07f0    07f7    07ef    07f6    07ef    07f7    07f0
0000010    07f6    07f0    07f5    07ef    07f7    07f0    07f6    07ef
0000020    07f6    07ef    07f7    07f0    07f6    07f0    07f5    07ef
0000030    07f6    07f0    07f6    07f0    07f5    07ef    07f6    07f0
0000040    07f6    07ef    07f6    07ef    07f7    07f0    07f7    07f0
0000050    07f5    07ef    07f6    07f0    07f6    07f0    07f6    07ef
0000060    07f6    07ef

AD7476A Read Voltage from Terminal

The commands written above can also be used if not using an HDMI monitor and a wireless keyboard, by using a serial terminal, and typing the commands after the system boot-up is complete.

AD7476A Read Voltage from Serial Terminal

Using the ADI IIO Oscilloscope

Install the ADI IIO Oscilloscope using the instructions from the following wiki page:

Launch the ADI IIO Oscilloscope.

Select AD7476A from the Device drop-down menu. Set the desired number of samples in the Sample Count tab. Click the Green Play Button in order to start capturing and displaying data. Click Stop to stop the process.

AD7476A IIO Oscilloscope Plot

AD7476A Pmod and AD7303 Pmod Reference Design

Quick Start Guide

The bit file provided in the project *.zip file combines the FPGA bit file and the SDK elf files. It may be used for a quick check on the system.

Required Hardware

Required Software

Running Demo (SDK) Program


If you are not familiar with Nexys3 and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://digilentinc.com/Products/Detail.cfm?NavPath=2,400,897&Prod=NEXYS3 for details.

To begin, connect the PmodAD1 to JA1 connector of Nexys3 board, pins 1 to 6 (see image below) and the PmodDA1 to JB1 connector of Nexys3 board, pins 1 to 6. You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cables from the PC to the board.

 Connecting Pmods to Nexys3

Start IMPACT, and double click “Boundary Scan”. Right click and select Initialize Chain. The program should recognize the Spartan 6 device (see screenshot below). Program the FPGA using the download.bit file provided in the project *.zip archive, located in the ”sw” folder (../ad7303_ad7476/sw/download.bit).

Programming FPGA in IMPACT

Start the ChipScope Pro Analyzer provided with the Xilinx ISE Design Suite 13.2 and load the project Nexys3_ChipScope_Demo.cpj located in the ”chipscope” folder (../ad7303_ad7476/chipscope/Nexys3_ChipScope_Demo.cpj). Click the Open Cable/Search JTAG Chain button and afterwards double click Bus Plot and select Repetitive Trigger Run Mode. Click the Apply Settings and Arm Trigger button. On the main screen you will se the waveforms change once every 25 seconds, between Sine, Square, Sawtooth and Triangle waveforms. Each waveform has a period of 25ms. You can compare the waveform displayed in ChipScope Pro with the waveform displayed on an oscilloscope from the DAC output.

Viewing Waveforms in ChipScope Pro

  • Connecting the Pmod-AD1 and/or Pmod-DA1 to the Nexys3 Board using an extension cable provides ease of use.
  • UART must be set to 57600 baudrate.
  • The reference voltage for both the AD7476A and AD7303 is 3.3V (if using Nexys3 Board).
  • A loopback cable is connected between the output of the AD7303 DAC (A1 out) and the input of the AD7476 ADC present on the PmodAD1 board (pin1 in = A0 in).

Downloads

10 Apr 2012 12:28 · Alexandru Tofan

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