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This version (21 Nov 2013 14:06) was approved by Alexandru.Tofan.The Previously approved version (14 Oct 2013 12:50) is available.Diff

AD7303 Pmod Xilinx FPGA Reference Design

Introduction

The AD7303 is a dual, 8-bit voltage out DAC that operates from a single 2.7V to 5.5V supply. Its on-chip precision output buffers allow the DAC outputs to swing rail-to-rail. This device uses a versatile 3-wire serial interface that operates at clock rates up to 30 MHz, and is compatible with QSPIm SPI, microwire and digital signal processor interface standards.

Two reference designs are available for this part:

  • A design which demonstrates how to acquire a signal and reproduce it using Digilent PmodAD1 and PmodDA1. Four types of waveforms (Square, Sine, Sawtooth and Triangle) are generated using the AD7303 DAC present on the PmodDA1 board. Each waveform has a period of 25 ms, and lasts for 25 s (1000 periods). A loopback cable is connected between the output of the AD7303 DAC and the input of the AD7476 ADC present on the PmodAD1 board. The Xilinx ChipScope Analyzer tool is used to verify the digitized waveforms.

AD7303 Pmod Reference Design

Quick Start Guide

The bit file provided in the project *.zip file combines the FPGA bit file and the SDK elf files. It may be used for a quick check on the system. All you need is the hardware and a PC running a UART terminal and the programmer (IMPACT).

Required Hardware

Required Software

  • Xilinx ISE 14.4 (Programmer (IMPACT) is sufficient for the demo and is available on Webpack).
  • A UART terminal (Tera Term/Hyperterminal), Baud rate 115200 for the Avnet LX-9 Microboard and ZedBoard or 9600 for the Digilent Nexys™3 Board.

Running Demo (SDK) Program

If you are not familiar with LX9 and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://www.xilinx.com/products/boards-and-kits/AES-S6MB-LX9.htm for details.
If you are not familiar with Nexys™3 and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://www.digilentinc.com/Products/Detail.cfm?NavPath=2,400,897&Prod=NEXYS3 for details.
If you are not familiar with ZedBoard and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://www.em.avnet.com/en-us/design/drc/Pages/Zedboard.aspx for details.

Avnet LX9 MicroBoard Setup

Extract the project from the archive file (AD7303_<board_name>.zip) to the location you desire.

To begin, connect the PmodDA1 to J4 connector of LX9 board, pins 1 to 6 (see image below). You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cable from the PC to the USB-UART female connector of the board for the UART terminal. The board will be programmed through its USB male connector.

PmodDA1 and LX-9

Digilent Nexys™3 Spartan-6 FPGA Board

Extract the project from the archive file (AD7303_<board_name>.zip) to the location you desire.

To begin, connect the PmodDA1 to JA connector of Nexys™3 board, pins JA1 to JA6 (see image below). You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cables from the PC to the board, one for programming (Digilent USB device) and one for the UART terminal (FT232R USB UART).

PmodDA1 and Nexys™3

Avnet ZedBoard

To begin, connect the PmodDA1 to JD connector of ZedBoard (see image below). You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cables from the PC to the board, one for programming (Digilent USB device) and one for the UART terminal (FT232R USB UART).

PmodDA1 and ZedBoard

FPGA Configuration for Nexys3 and LX-9 MicroBoard

Start IMPACT, and double click “Boundary Scan”. Right click and select Initialize Chain. The program should recognize the Spartan 6 device (see screenshot below). Connect an oscilloscope to the outputs of the PmodDA1 and then program the device using the bit file provided in the project *.zip archive, located in the “sw” folder (../ad7303/sw/AD7303.bit).

If programming was successful, the Main Menu will apear in your UART terminal, as seen in the picture below. There are 3 options:

  • Press [f] to select Fixed Value Mode.
  • Press [w] to select Waveform Generation Mode.
  • Press [g] to select Programmable Ramp Signal Generator.

Main Menu

When entering Fixed Value Mode, DAC selection is automatically activated. Selecting the DAC is done by pressing [1] to [4].

Fixed Value Mode

Fixed Value Mode allows entering a value between 0x00 and 0xFF, value that will be programmed in the DAC. If the number of input characters is less than 2 (e.g. f or 7), the [Enter] key must be pressed in order to validate the input. If 2 characters are input, the value is automatically validated (in order to prevent entering more than 2 characters). Pressing the [s] key at any time will enter DAC Selection Mode.

UART messeges

Pressing the [q] key at any time exits the Fixed Value (or Waveform Generation) Mode and displays the Main Menu again.

Returning to Menu

When entering Waveform Generation Mode, DAC selection is automatically activated. Selecting the DAC is done by pressing [1] to [4].

Waveform Generation Mode

Waveform Generation Mode allows selecting between 4 types of waveforms: Square, Triangle, Sawtooth and Sine waveforms. Changing between the 4 is done by pressing [1] to [4] on the keyboard. Pressing [s] at any time will enter DAC Selection Mode. Pressing [q] at any time will return to the Main Menu.

Selecting Waveform type

Programmable Ramp Signal Generator allows generating a programmable ramp signal. This mode can be used to test the PmodDA1 using a Digital Multimeter.

Ramp Signal Generator Menu

Enter time step allows setting a time step between 100 and 5000 ms.

Setting time step

Enter increment size allows selecting an increment size that suits your design. Values can vary from 0x00 to 0xFF.

Setting step size

Select DAC allows selecting which DAC Output will be used for the Ramp Signal Generation.

Selecting DAC

Run Ramp Signal Generator will start generating the desired output.

Running the Ramp Signal Generator

FPGA Configuration for ZedBoard

Run the download.bat script from the ”../bin” folder downloaded from the github (see the links in the download section of the wiki page). The script will automatically configure the ZYNQ SoC and download the *.elf file afterwards.

If the download script fails to run, modify the Xilinx Tools path in download.bat to match your Xilinx Installation path.

If programming was successful, you will be able to see a Triangle Waveform output on A1 and a Sine Waveform output on B1.

Using the reference design

Functional Description

Avnet LX-9 MicroBoard and Digilent Nexys3

The reference design is a simple SPI interface with two MOSI pins for the PmodDA1. The software programs the device sending an 8-bit configuration value followed by 8-bit data value.

The hardware SPI access allows writing data to the AD7303, using a single CS and SCLK pins, and two MOSI pins (PmodDA1 contains two AD7303 Integrated Circuits, which share the same CS and SCLK pins, but have separate MOSI pins).

Avnet ZedBoard

The reference design is a simple SPI interface with two MOSI pins for the PmodDA1. The software programs the device sending an 8-bit configuration value followed by 8-bit data value.

The hardware SPI access allows writing data to the AD7303, using a single CS and SCLK pins, and two MOSI pins (PmodDA1 contains two AD7303 Integrated Circuits, which share the same CS and SCLK pins, but have separate MOSI pins).

For the ZedBoard, DMA is used to send data from DDR to the AD7303 IP Core, outputting a triangle waveform and a sine waveform.


  • Connecting the PmodDA1 to the boards using an extension cable provides ease of use.
  • UART must be set to 115200 Baud Rate for the Avnet LX-9 Microboard and ZedBoard or 9600 Baud Rate for the Digilent Nexys™3 Board.


Downloads

Linux Device Driver

Connect PmodDA1 to the JB1 connector of the ZedBoard (upper row of pins).

Preparing the SD Card

In order to prepare the SD Card for booting Linux on the ZedBoard:

Make sure you have an HDMI monitor connected to the ZedBoard, plug in the SD Card and power on the board. If everything is correct, the system should boot up. If you don't have an HDMI monitor, connect to the board via UART, Baud Rate 115200.

There are 2 ways to test the driver.

  • Using the terminal window
  • Using the ADI IIO Oscilloscope

Using the terminal window

Open a new terminal window by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T.

Navigate to the location of the device and identify it using the following commands:

cd /sys/bus/iio/devices/
ls
iio:device0 iio:device1 trigger0
cd iio\:device0
cat name
ad7303

If the cat name command doesn't return ad7303, then change the number of the iio:device, and check again.

cd ..
cd iio\:device1
cat name

To see the list of options that the AD7303 driver provides, type:

ls
buffer  out_voltage0_powerdown  out_voltage1_raw   scan_elements  uevent
dev     out_voltage0_raw        out_voltage_scale  subsystem
name    out_voltage1_powerdown  power              trigger

To set the raw output voltage, type:

echo 120 > out_voltage0_raw

To check that the raw output voltage has been set, you can type:

cat out_voltage0_raw
120

If you want to set the voltage for the second channel, replace out_voltage0_raw with out_voltage1_raw.

AD7303 Set Voltage from Terminal

The commands written above can also be used if not using an HDMI monitor and a wireless keyboard, by using a serial terminal, and typing the commands after the system boot-up is complete.

AD7303 Read Voltage from Serial Terminal

Using the ADI IIO Oscilloscope

Install the ADI IIO Oscilloscope using the instructions from the following wiki page:

Launch the ADI IIO Oscilloscope.

Open the Settings menu and select Impulse generator submenu. A popup window will appear and allow you to select an impulse generator (a high resolution timer) and its frequency. The conversions for both the ADC and the DAC are started by the impulses of the generator. Click the OK button.

AD7476A IIO Oscilloscope Impulse Timer Select

If the Impulse generator option is not available, you can configure the timer manually using the following commands:

cd /sys/bus/iio/devices
ls
iio:device0  iio:device1  trigger0
cd trigger0
echo 1000 > frequency
cat frequency
1000

Manually configure Impulse Timer

Select AD7303 tab from the top options. Click on Single value output, type in the desired value, and click Save at the bottom of the window.

Output single value using IIO Oscilloscope

Select AD7303 tab from the top options. Click on Waveform output, select the type of waveform, configure the desired Amplitude, Offset and Frequency, and click Save at the bottom of the window. PmodDA1 Channel0 should now be outputting the configured waveform.

Output waveform using IIO Oscilloscope

AD7303 Pmod and AD7476 Pmod Reference Design

Quick Start Guide

The bit file provided in the project *.zip file combines the FPGA bit file and the SDK elf files. It may be used for a quick check on the system.

Required Hardware

Required Software

Running Demo (SDK) Program


If you are not familiar with Nexys3 and/or Xilix tools, please visit
http://digilentinc.com/Products/Detail.cfm?NavPath=2,400,897&Prod=NEXYS3 for details.

To begin, connect the PmodAD1 to JA1 connector of Nexys3 board, pins 1 to 6 (see image below) and the PmodDA1 to JB1 connector of Nexys3 board, pins 1 to 6. You can use an extension cable for ease of use. Connect the USB cables from the PC to the board.

 Connecting Pmods to Nexys3

Start IMPACT, and double click “Boundary Scan”. Right click and select Initialize Chain. The program should recognize the Spartan 6 device (see screenshot below). Program the FPGA using the download.bit file provided in the project *.zip archive, located in the ”sw” folder (../ad7303_ad7476/sw/download.bit).

Programming FPGA in IMPACT

Start the ChipScope Pro Analyzer provided with the Xilinx ISE Design Suite 13.2 and load the project Nexys3_ChipScope_Demo.cpj located in the ”chipscope” folder (../ad7303_ad7476/chipscope/Nexys3_ChipScope_Demo.cpj). Click the Open Cable/Search JTAG Chain button and afterwards double click Bus Plot and select Repetitive Trigger Run Mode. Click the Apply Settings and Arm Trigger button. On the main screen you will se the waveforms change once every 25 seconds, between Sine, Square, Sawtooth and Triangle waveforms. Each waveform has a period of 25ms. You can compare the waveform displayed in ChipScope Pro with the waveform displayed on an oscilloscope from the DAC output.

Viewing Waveforms in ChipScope Pro

  • Connecting the Pmod-AD1 and/or Pmod-DA1 to the Nexys3 Board using an extension cable provides ease of use.
  • UART must be set to 57600 baudrate.
  • The reference voltage for both the AD7476A and AD7303 is 3.3V (if using Nexys3 Board).
  • A loopback cable is connected between the output of the AD7303 DAC (A1 out) and the input of the AD7476 ADC present on the PmodAD1 board (pin1 in = A0 in).

Downloads

10 Apr 2012 12:28 · Alexandru Tofan

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